File:Side effects of nicotine.png

Original file(2,277 × 2,442 pixels, file size: 2.01 MB, MIME type: image/png)

Summary

Description
English: Main side effects of nicotine (See Wikipedia:Nicotine).

To discuss image, please see Talk:Human body diagrams

List format

Circulation:

  • Increased clotting tendency[1]
  • Atherosclerosis[2]
  • Enlargement of the aorta[2]

Lungs:

  • Bronchospasm[1]

Muscular:

Gastrointestinal:

Joint pain[1]

Central:

  • Lightheadedness[1]
  • Headache[1]
  • Sleep disturbances[1]
  • Abnormal dreams[1]
  • Irritability[1]
  • Dizziness[1]
  • Risk of blood restriction[2]

Heart:

  • Increased or decreased heart rate[1]
  • Increased blood pressure[1]
  • Tachycardia[1]
  • More (or less) arrhythmias[1]
  • Coronary artery constriction[1]
  • Coronary artery disease[2]

Hormonal:

  • High insulin[1]
  • Insulin resistance[1]

During pregnancy, risks to child later in life:

  • Type 2 diabetes[2]
  • Obesity[2]
  • Hypertension[2]
  • Neurobehavioral defects[2]
  • Respiratory dysfunction[2]
  • Infertility[2]

Excluded are symptoms specific for a certain route of administration of nicotine, where other factors than the nicotine itself may be responsible. Excluded are also some very rare symptoms, and symptoms that are only seen together with another, relatively rare, condition.

References

  1. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Nicotine Side Effects. Drugs.com. Retrieved on 2009.
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k (2014). "Electronic Cigarettes. A Position Statement of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 190 (6): 611–618. DOI:10.1164/rccm.201407-1198PP. PMID 25006874. ISSN 1073-449X.
  3. (2014). "Nicotine-Mediated Cell Proliferation and Tumor Progression in Smoking-Related Cancers". Molecular Cancer Research 12 (1): 14–23. DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-13-0541. PMID 24398389. PMC: 3915512. ISSN 1541-7786.
Date
Source All used images are in public domain.
Author Mikael Häggström.

When using this image in external works, it may be cited as:

or

  • By Mikael Häggström, used with permission.

Licensing

Public domain I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Human body diagrams

Main article at: Human body diagrams

Template location:Template:Human body diagrams

How to derive an image

Derive directly from raster image with organs

The raster (.png format) images below have most commonly used organs already included, and text and lines can be added in almost any graphics editor. This is the easiest method, but does not leave any room for customizing what organs are shown.

Adding text and lines:

Derive "from scratch"

By this method, body diagrams can be derived by pasting organs into one of the "plain" body images shown below. This method requires a graphics editor that can handle transparent images, in order to avoid white squares around the organs when pasting onto the body image. Pictures of organs are found on the project's main page. These were originally adapted to fit the male shadow/silhouette.

Organs:

More organs are found at: Human body diagrams/Organs

Derive by vector template

The Vector templates below can be used to derive images with, for example, Inkscape. This is the method with the greatest potential.

See Human body diagrams/Inkscape tutorial for a basic description in how to do this.

Examples of derived works

More examples

Licensing

Imbox license.svg

All the images on this page are released into the public domain by their creators. This applies worldwide.

In case this is not legally possible, the creators grant anyone the right to use these works for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.


File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current17:57, 28 January 2019Thumbnail for version as of 17:57, 28 January 20192,277 × 2,442 (2.01 MB)Mikael HäggströmCancer --> metastasis
19:15, 11 August 2015Thumbnail for version as of 19:15, 11 August 20152,277 × 2,442 (2.01 MB)Mikael HäggströmExpanded
11:29, 3 November 2009Thumbnail for version as of 11:29, 3 November 20091,315 × 1,234 (596 KB)Mikael Häggström{{Information |Description={{en|1=g}} |Source={{own}} |Author=Mikael Häggström |Date=g |Permission= |other_versions= }}

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